If you are a coffee lover, then you will no doubt have tried coffee made from Arabica coffee beans! This highly popular coffee bean is one of 90 different varieties and it is estimated that over 75% of coffee across the world is made from this particular coffee bean. So, why is it so popular, you may ask? Read on for Buongusto’s guide, from its origins, to its widespread use today.
So, where did it all begin?
Coffee or Coffea is an evergreen shrub part of the botanical family Rubiaceae, originating from the highlands of Ethiopia. Since then coffee has been produced across the world, in particular in countries with hot and humid weather conditions. Arabica coffee beans are the most widely produced coffee bean and it has become more and more popular with coffee lovers looking for a delightful, mild and sweet coffee taste.
Growth and Production
The Arabica plant grows up to 4 metres in height and needs approximately 1200mm/yr. of rainfall at temperatures around 15-24 Celsius to grow effectively. The plant takes approximately two years to produce small, white, fragrant flowers, which after only after a few days, start falling, leaving only the large green leaves behind. At this stage the plant starts growing berries that contain the coffee beans.
The berries originally are a dark green colour, until they ripen gradually to a light yellow, to a light red and finally into a fully mature dark red, ready for picking. At this stage the coffee beans are removed from the berries and roasted and ready to make Arabica coffee.
One of the reasons Arabica coffee beans are so popular is their sweet, soft taste, with overtones of sugar and fruits. The beans have a high lipid and sugar content, which is often why many prefer the taste of Arabica coffee to the more bitter taste of Robusta coffee. The high level of lipids and sugars contribute to an acidic tone during decomposition and roasting, which is exactly what coffee lovers want. Acidity in coffee offers a pleasant, fresh flavour. Without the acidity, the coffee has a general lifeless, dull flavour. However that is always up to your personal preference.
Arabica coffee beans are widely used across the world in a variety of drinks. If you like freshly ground coffee, or you prefer a creamier Latte then Arabica will provide you with an excellent coffee! So if you would like to try Arabica coffee beans check our range of products here.